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If you ever get a Trivia Question about Illinois, we hope to have the answer below in the following list of State Symbols, Animals, Insects, Plants, Music, and even the State Fossil.

 

State Amphibian:

Illinois citizens voted to select the eastern tiger salamander as the state amphibian in 2004. The vote was made official by the General Assembly in 2005

 

State Reptile:

Illinois citizens voted to select the painted turtle as the state reptile in 2004. The vote was made official by the General Assembly in 2005.

 

State Flower:

In 1907, Illinois schoolchildren voted to select the state tree and the state flower. They selected the Native Oak and the Violet. The General Assembly approved a bill to make these selections official in 1908.

 

State Tree:

In 1973, a special poll of 900,000 schoolchildren changed the State Tree from the Native Oak to the White Oak.

 

State Bird:

In 1928, Illinois schoolchildren selected the cardinal as the State Bird of Illinois. The General Assembly made that designation official in 1929.

 

State Insect:

In 1974 a third-grader from Decatur suggested that the monarch butterfly become the state insect. Schoolchildren lobbied for the monarch butterfly and the General Assembly passed a bill making it official in 1975.

 

State Fish:

Schoolchildren selected the Bluegill as the state fish in 1986. Although the Bluegill grows to only about 9 inches in length and weighs less than a pound, it has a reputation as one of the best fighting game fish.

 

State Mineral:

The General Assembly established Fluorite as the state mineral in 1965. Illinois is the largest producer of Fluorite in the United States. Fluorite is used in making steel, enamels, aluminum, glass, and many chemicals.

 

State Animal:

Illinois schoolchildren voted to select the white-tailed deer as the state animal in 1980. The vote was made official by the General Assembly in 1982.

 

State Fossil:

The Tully Monster is the state fossil. The Tully Monster was a soft-bodied marine animal that lived 280 to 340 million years ago. More than 100 Tully Monster fossils have been found in Illinois.

 

State Dance:

The Square Dance was designated as the official state dance in 1990.

 

State Prairie Grass:

In 1989 the Big Bluestem became the state prairie grass. The General Assembly adopted this designation following a poll of students conducted by the Illinois Department of Conservation.

 

State Motto:

State sovereignty, national union

 

The Origin of the State's name:

It's from the Language of the Algonquin Indian meaning "tribe of superior men"

 

Nickname:

PrairieState

 

State Slogan:

"Land of Lincoln" The slogan was adopted by the General Assembly in 1955. The State of Illinois has a copyright for the exclusive use of the slogan.

 

State Song:

The words were written by C.H. Chamberlain.
The music was composed by Archibald Johnston.

Lyrics:

By thy rivers gently flowing, Illinois, Illinois, 
O'er thy prairies verdant growing, 
Illinois, Illinois
,
Comes an echo on the breeze. 
Rustling through the leafy trees, and its mellow tones are these, 
Illinois, Illinois
,
And its mellow tones are these, 
Illinois.

From a wilderness of prairies, Illinois, Illinois, 
Straight thy way and never varies, Illinois, Illinois, 
Till upon the inland sea,
Stands thy great commerical tree, turning all the world to thee, Illinois, Illinois,
Turning all the world to thee, Illinois.

When you heard your country calling, Illinois, Illinois,
Where the shot and shell were falling, 
Illinois, Illinois
,
When the Southern host withdrew, 
Pitting Gray against the Blue, There were none more brave than you, 
Illinois,Illinois
, 
There were none more brave than you, 
Illinois.

Not without thy wondrous story, Illinois, Illinois, 
Can be writ the nation's glory, 
Illinois, Illinois
,
On the record of thy years,
Abraham Lincoln's name appears, Grant and 
Logan, and our tears, Illinois, Illinois
,
Grant and Logan, and our tears, 
Illinois.

The IllinoisState Flag:

Illinois has had two official state flags.

The first was officially adopted on July 6, 1915, after a vigorous campaign by Mrs. Ella Park Lawrence, State Regent of the Daughters of the American Revolution.

Early in 1912, Mrs. Lawrence began visiting local D.A.R. chapters throughoutIllinois seeking cooperation in promoting selection of an official state banner to place in the Continental Memorial Hall in Washington, DC.

A prize of $25 was offered to the Chapter submitting the best design for the banner and four judges were selected to choose the winner. Thirty-five designs were submitted and the Rockford Chapter entry designed by Miss Lucy Derwent, was chosen.

State Senator Raymond D. Meeker introduced the bill which was to legalize the flag. The measure passed both Houses of the General Assembly and automatically became a law on July 6, 1915, when Governor Edward F. Dunne failed to affix his signature to the bill.

The move to design a new state flag was initiated by Chief Petty Officer Bruce McDaniel of Waverly, then serving in Vietnam. The Illinois flag was one of many state flags which were hung on the walls of his mess hall; its identity was always questioned, so McDaniel requested that the flag carry the state's name.

A bill to amend the original flag act of 1915 was sponsored by Representative Jack Walker of Lansing and was passed by the General Assembly and approved by Governor Richard B. Ogilvie September 17, 1969. This authorized a new flag to carry the word "Illinois".

Governor Ogilvie appointed a committee consisting of the State Historian, the Director of the Illinois Information Service, and the State Records Archivist to develop specifications for the new state flag to ensure uniformity in reproduction of design and color by flag makers.

Mrs. Sanford Hutchison of Greenfield who had previously done extensive research on the official design of the state seal, submitted a flag which contained all the required elements of the design as specified by law, this was accepted by the committee, the Secretary of State and the Governor; on July 1, 1970, it became the official flag of Illinois.

The Current State Flag of Illinois shows the emblem portion of the official state seal on a field of white. Beneath the seal is the word "Illinois" in blue.  (fromIllinois Blue Book, 1983-1984)

 

 



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